CVE-2020-5654

Session fixation vulnerability in TCP/IP function included in the firmware of MELSEC iQ-R series (RJ71EIP91 EtherNet/IP Network Interface Module First 2 digits of serial number are ’02’ or before, RJ71PN92 PROFINET IO Controller Module First 2 digits of serial number are ’01’ or before, RD81DL96 High Speed Data Logger Module First 2 digits of serial number are ’08’ or before, RD81MES96N MES Interface Module First 2 digits of serial number are ’04’ or before, and RD81OPC96 OPC UA Server Module First 2 digits of serial number are ’04’ or before) allows a remote unauthenticated attacker to stop the network functions of the products via a specially crafted packet.

CVE-2020-28041

The SIP ALG implementation on NETGEAR Nighthawk R7000 1.0.9.64_10.2.64 devices allows remote attackers to communicate with arbitrary TCP and UDP services on a victim’s intranet machine, if the victim visits an attacker-controlled web site with a modern browser, aka NAT Slipstreaming. This occurs because the ALG takes action based on an IP packet with an initial REGISTER substring in the TCP data, and the correct intranet IP address in the subsequent Via header, without properly considering that connection progress and fragmentation affect the meaning of the packet data.

CVE-2020-28045

An unsigned-library issue was discovered in ProlinOS through 2.4.161.8859R. This OS requires installed applications and all system binaries to be signed either by the manufacturer or by the Point Of Sale application developer and distributor. The signature is a 2048-byte RSA signature verified in the kernel prior to ELF execution. Shared libraries, however, do not need to be signed, and they are not verified. An attacker may execute a custom binary by compiling it as a shared object and loading it via LD_PRELOAD.